What are 10 Facts about Victoria Falls?

10 Facts about Victoria Falls?

10 Facts about Victoria Falls, located on the Zambezi River at the border between Zimbabwe and Zambia, is one of the most awe-inspiring natural wonders on Earth. Renowned for its sheer size, breathtaking beauty, and cultural significance, Victoria Falls attracts visitors from around the globe seeking to witness its majesty firsthand.

In this comprehensive article, we delve into 10 fascinating facts about Victoria Falls, exploring its geological formation, ecological diversity, historical significance, and its enduring allure as a bucket-list destination for travelers.

1. Geological Formation and Dimensions

Victoria Falls was formed over thousands of years by the Zambezi River carving through basalt rock formations. The Falls span approximately 1,708 meters (5,604 feet) across, making it the largest curtain of falling water in the world. Plunging to a depth of about 108 meters (354 feet) into the Batoka Gorge below, the sheer size and power of Victoria Falls are nothing short of spectacular.

2. Local and Indigenous Names

Known locally as Mosi-oa-Tunya, which translates to “The Smoke that Thunders” in the Tonga language, Victoria Falls earned this name due to the immense spray and mist that rise up from the plunging water, resembling smoke. This indigenous name reflects the deep cultural significance of the Falls to the local communities who have revered and respected its power for centuries.

3. Discovery by David Livingstone

Victoria Falls was first encountered by the Western world when Scottish explorer David Livingstone reached its edge on November 16, 1855. Livingstone named the Falls in honor of Queen Victoria of Britain, thus giving it the name by which it is widely recognized today. His accounts of the Falls brought international attention to this natural wonder and sparked interest in exploring the African continent.

4. UNESCO World Heritage Site

In recognition of its outstanding natural beauty and geological significance, Victoria Falls was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1989. This prestigious status underscores its importance as a global heritage site that must be protected and preserved for future generations to appreciate and enjoy.

5. Rainforest Microclimate

The spray from Victoria Falls creates a unique microclimate in the surrounding area, known as a rainforest micro-habitat. Lush vegetation thrives in this misty environment, with plant species adapted to the constant moisture. Visitors can explore the rainforest paths and enjoy the vibrant greenery, adding to the overall sensory experience of visiting the Falls.

6. Zambezi River and Hydrology

Victoria Falls is fed by the Zambezi River, the fourth-longest river in Africa. The river flows across six countries, making it a vital lifeline for both wildlife and human populations in the region. The flow of water over the Falls varies throughout the year, reaching its peak during the rainy season from February to May when the Zambezi River is in full flood.

7. Adventure Activities in Victoria Falls

Beyond its natural beauty, Victoria Falls offers a plethora of adrenaline-pumping activities for adventurous travelers. These include:

  • Devil’s Pool: A natural rock pool on the edge of the Falls where visitors can swim right up to the edge, providing a thrilling perspective of the sheer drop.
  • Bungee Jumping: Plunge 111 meters (364 feet) from the Victoria Falls Bridge, overlooking the Zambezi River gorge, for an exhilarating freefall experience.
  • White-water Rafting: Navigate the Zambezi River’s rapids below the Falls, considered one of the best whitewater rafting experiences in the world.
  • Helicopter Flights: Take scenic helicopter flights over Victoria Falls and the Zambezi River for breathtaking aerial views of this natural wonder.

8. Wildlife and Biodiversity in Victoria Falls

The area around Victoria Falls is rich in biodiversity, supporting a variety of plant and animal species. Visitors can spot elephants, hippos, crocodiles, and a plethora of bird species in the national parks and along the Zambezi River. The Falls and its surrounding ecosystems are integral to the region’s ecological balance and are protected within several national parks and reserves.

9. Conservation Efforts

Conservation of Victoria Falls and its surrounding ecosystems is crucial to preserving its natural beauty and ecological integrity. Various organizations, including UNESCO, local authorities, and conservation groups, work tirelessly to monitor and safeguard the area from environmental threats such as climate change, habitat loss, and unsustainable tourism practices. Responsible tourism initiatives promote sustainable development and ensure that future generations can continue to enjoy and appreciate Victoria Falls.

10. Best Time to Visit Victoria Falls

The best time to visit Victoria Falls depends on personal preferences and interests:

  • High Water Season (February to May): Experience the Falls at its most dramatic, with the highest water flow and impressive volumes of mist and spray.
  • Low Water Season (September to December): Enjoy clearer views of the Falls’ rock face and explore the dry riverbed below, ideal for photography and adventure activities like swimming in Devil’s Pool.

Conclusion about 10 Facts about Victoria Falls

Victoria Falls stands as a testament to the raw power of nature and the enduring allure of Africa’s natural wonders. From its geological formation and cultural significance to its diverse wildlife and array of adventure activities, Victoria Falls offers a multifaceted experience that captivates and inspires visitors from around the world. Whether marveling at its thunderous cascades, embarking on thrilling adventures, or immersing oneself in its rich cultural heritage, a journey to Victoria Falls promises unforgettable memories and a deeper appreciation for the beauty of our planet.

10 Facts about Victoria Falls

Plan your trip to Victoria Falls today and discover why this iconic destination continues to fascinate and enthrall travelers seeking the ultimate African adventure. Explore the wonders of Victoria Falls with Nextgen Safaris, where expert guides and personalized itineraries ensure an enriching and unforgettable experience in one of the world’s most spectacular natural wonders.



ENTRY REQUIREMENTS: All visitors to Zambia must have a valid passport with at least 4 consecutive blanks pages.  Any applicable visa and/or relevant documentation are the responsibility of the traveler.  For further information on Visa requirements visitors are advised to contact their nearest Zambia Embassy or Consulate.

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VOLTAGE: 220 Volts/AC50Hz. Sockets are UK style, 3 pin square plugs. Power is from the government in the city/major towns and generator with inverter back up in the Safari Lodges and Camps.

CURRENCY: Foreign currency must be changed at the Bank, Bureau de Change, and Hotel/Safari lodge/Camp/Resort.   Major Credit Cards, Master card, Visa, American Express, are usually accepted throughout the country.  Where credit cards are accepted, the payment will normally be recorded in US$ regardless of the card’s default currency.

CLOTHING: Dress is mainly informal and should be comfortable as well as practical. Something warm should be brought along for early morning and evenings. Safari clothes are available from hotels/lodges/camps.

BAGGAGE: Where possible, travel light. Baggage space on safari is limited to medium suitcase or soft bag per person plus reasonable amount of hand luggage. There is 15 Kilogram per person limit on all flights to the wildlife sanctuaries. Excess luggage must be stored in your arrival hotel.

WATER: You will find many different of opinion of what is safe and what is not. We recommend for peace of mind, to drink local Bottled Mineral water. It is important to drink plenty of water especially during the hotter months. We would recommend that guests drink at least 2 to 3 liters of water per day to limit the effects of dehydration.

HEALTH: Africa is a safe and secure destination; however, it is a good idea to take a few precautions.  Kindly consult your GP or local doctor at least 6 weeks before you travel, with regards: Malaria prophylactics. East Africa is a known malaria area and preventive measures are essential. You are advised to take one of the recommended anti-malarial drugs.  Be sure to wear long sleeved shorts and trousers after sunset and spray the exposed parts of your body with a mosquito repellent spray Remember to protect yourself from direct sun rays with sunscreen cream or safari hat.

DIETARY REQUIREMENTS: For those guests with specific dietary requirement, please ensure we are notified prior to travel

GRATUITIES: As a guideline and dependent on how happy you are, we would suggest the following: The General Hotel/Lodge/Camp Staff – Approximately U$ 10.00 per person per day Driver Guides – Approximately US$ 15.00 to US$ 20.00 per person per day.

PHOTOGRAPHY: Please be careful when photographing public buildings, airports, bridges, the national flag and people in uniform.  Ensure that you have sought permission before photographing local people and their villages.  If in doubt, please check with your guide.

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