The Nile river

The Nile river

The Nile River is one of the most iconic rivers in the world, often referred to as the longest river on Earth. It flows through northeastern Africa, primarily through Egypt and Sudan, but it also touches upon ten other countries including Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, and the Republic of the Sudan.

The Nile has two main tributaries: the White Nile and the Blue Nile. The White Nile is the longer of the two and originates from Lake Victoria in Tanzania, while the Blue Nile begins at Lake Tana in Ethiopia. These tributaries converge in Sudan before continuing northward into Egypt and eventually emptying into the Mediterranean Sea.

The Nile has been crucial for the development of ancient civilizations, particularly ancient Egypt, whose prosperity was closely tied to the river’s annual flooding, which deposited nutrient-rich sediment on its banks. Today, the Nile remains vital for agriculture, transportation, and hydroelectric power generation in the region.

The construction of the Aswan High Dam in the 1960s led to the creation of Lake Nasser, one of the world’s largest artificial lakes, and it helped control flooding, improve irrigation, and generate electricity. However, it also had significant environmental and social impacts, including displacement of communities and changes to the river’s ecosystems.

Overall, the Nile River holds immense cultural, historical, and economic significance for the countries through which it flows.

Which country is the Nile river in?

The Nile River flows through multiple countries in northeastern Africa. The primary countries it traverses are:

  1. Egypt
  2. Sudan

Additionally, the Nile passes through or touches upon the following countries:

  1. Tanzania
  2. Uganda
  3. Rwanda
  4. Burundi
  5. Democratic Republic of the Congo
  6. Kenya
  7. Ethiopia
  8. Eritrea
  9. South Sudan

So, the Nile River is present in a total of eleven countries in Africa.

What is special about Nile river?

The Nile River holds several unique characteristics and significance, making it one of the most remarkable rivers in the world:

  1. Longest River: The Nile is commonly regarded as the longest river on Earth, stretching over 6,650 kilometers (4,130 miles) from its farthest sources to its delta on the Mediterranean Sea coast.
  2. Historical and Cultural Significance: The Nile has played a pivotal role in the development of ancient civilizations, particularly ancient Egypt. The river provided water, transportation, fertile soil from annual flooding, and served as a source of life and prosperity for the region’s inhabitants.
  3. Economic Importance: The Nile remains economically crucial for the countries it flows through. It supports agriculture through irrigation, provides fish as a food source, and serves as a vital transportation route. Additionally, the construction of hydroelectric dams along the Nile generates electricity for the region.
  4. Biodiversity: The Nile River and its surrounding ecosystem support a diverse array of flora and fauna. The river is home to numerous species of fish, birds, and other wildlife, many of which are endemic to the region.
  5. Tourism: The Nile attracts millions of tourists each year who come to explore its ancient historical sites, cruise its waters, and experience its unique culture and landscapes.
  6. Source of Conflict and Cooperation: The Nile’s waters are a source of contention and cooperation among the countries it flows through. Disputes over water rights, dam construction, and usage have arisen periodically, highlighting the geopolitical importance of the river.
  7. Hydrology: The Nile has two main tributaries, the White Nile and the Blue Nile, which converge in Sudan. The White Nile originates from Lake Victoria in Tanzania, while the Blue Nile begins at Lake Tana in Ethiopia. The unique hydrology of the Nile, with its annual flooding, has shaped the landscape and livelihoods of those living along its banks.

These factors collectively contribute to the special status of the Nile River as one of the most iconic and significant rivers in the world.

Which country owns the source of river Nile?

The source of the Nile River has historically been attributed to Lake Victoria, which is located primarily in Tanzania, with a smaller portion extending into Uganda and Kenya. Therefore, Tanzania can be considered the country where the primary source of the Nile, the White Nile, originates. Additionally, the Blue Nile, another major tributary of the Nile, begins at Lake Tana in Ethiopia. So, in a broader sense, Ethiopia also plays a significant role as the source of one of the Nile’s main tributaries.

Is the Nile in Egypt or Ethiopia?

The Nile River flows through both Egypt and Ethiopia, as well as several other countries in northeastern Africa. However, Egypt and Ethiopia are two of the most prominent countries along the course of the Nile.

Egypt is well-known for its historical and cultural association with the Nile, as the river has been central to the development of ancient Egyptian civilization. The Nile Delta in Egypt is one of the most densely populated areas in the country, and the river is essential for agriculture, transportation, and urban life in Egypt.

Ethiopia, on the other hand, is the source of the Blue Nile, one of the two main tributaries of the Nile River. The Blue Nile originates from Lake Tana in Ethiopia and contributes a significant amount of water to the Nile’s flow. Ethiopia has been involved in various projects related to the Nile, including the construction of dams for hydroelectric power generation.

So, while both Egypt and Ethiopia have important connections to the Nile, their roles and relationships with the river differ based on their geographic location and historical context.

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All visitors to Uganda must have a valid passport with at least 4 consecutive blanks pages.  Any applicable visa and/or relevant documentation are the responsibility of the traveller.  For further information on Visa requirements visitors are advised to contact their nearest Uganda Embassy or Consulate.




GMT +3


220 Volts/AC50Hz. Sockets are UK style, 3 pin square plugs. Power is from the UMEME in the city/major towns and generator with inverter back up in the Safari Lodges and Camps.


Foreign currency must be changed at the Bank, Bureau de Change, and Hotel/Safari lodge/Camp/Resort.   Major Credit Cards, Master card, Visa, American Express, are usually accepted throughout the country.  Where credit cards are accepted, the payment will normally be recorded in US$ regardless of the card’s default currency.


Dress is mainly informal and should be comfortable as well as practical. Something warm should be brought along for early morning and evenings. Safari clothes are available from hotels/lodges/camps.


Where possible, travel light. Baggage space on safari is limited to medium suitcase or soft bag per person plus reasonable amount of hand luggage. There is 15 Kilogram per person limit on all flights to the wildlife sanctuaries. Excess luggage must be stored in your arrival hotel.


You will find many different of opinion of what is safe and what is not. We recommend for peace of mind, to drink local Bottled Mineral water. It is important to drink plenty of water especially during the hotter months. We would recommend that guests drink at least 2 to 3 liters of water per day to limit the effects of dehydration. 


East Africa is a safe and secure destination; however, it is a good idea to take a few precautions.  Kindly consult your GP or local doctor at least 6 weeks before you travel, with regards:

Malaria prophylactics. East Africa is a known malaria area and preventive measures are essential. You are advised to take one of the recommended anti-malarial drugs.  Be sure to wear long sleeved shorts and trousers after sunset and spray the exposed parts of your body with a mosquito repellent spray

Remember to protect yourself from direct sun rays with sunscreen cream or safari hat.


For those guests with specific dietary requirement, please ensure we are notified prior to travel


As a guideline and dependent on how happy you are, we would suggest the following:

The General Hotel/Lodge/Camp Staff – Approximately U$ 10.00 per person per day

Driver Guides – Approximately US$ 15.00 to US$ 20.00 per person per day


Please be careful when photographing public buildings, airports, bridges, the national flag and people in uniform.  Ensure that you have sought permission before photographing local people and their villages.  If in doubt, please check with your guide.

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