The Victoria Falls

The Victoria Falls

The Victoria Falls: The Majestic Natural Wonder of Africa

The Victoria Falls, known locally as “Mosi-oa-Tunya,” which translates to “The Smoke that Thunders,” is one of the most awe-inspiring natural wonders of the world. Straddling the border between Zimbabwe and Zambia, this majestic waterfall is a bucket-list destination for travelers seeking a blend of natural beauty, adventure, and cultural richness.

In this extensive article, we will delve into the geographical location, the stunning characteristics, the unique experiences, and the historical and cultural significance of Victoria Falls, offering a comprehensive guide for those looking to explore this incredible destination with Nextgen Safaris.

Geographic Location and Accessibility – The Victoria Falls

The Victoria Falls is located on the Zambezi River, the fourth longest river in Africa. The falls mark the border between Zimbabwe and Zambia, with the towns of Victoria Falls (in Zimbabwe) and Livingstone (in Zambia) serving as the main gateways for visitors. The Victoria falls are easily accessible by road, air, and rail, making them a convenient destination for international and local tourists alike. Victoria Falls International Airport in Zimbabwe and Harry Mwanga Nkumbula International Airport in Zambia offer regular flights from major African cities, facilitating easy access to this natural wonder.

The Magnificent Structure of The Victoria Falls

The Victoria Falls is renowned for being the largest sheet of falling water in the world, a title it holds due to its combined width of 1,708 meters (5,604 feet) and height of 108 meters (354 feet). The sheer volume of water cascading over the edge during the peak flow season is nothing short of breathtaking. The Zambezi River, which feeds the falls, forms a natural border between Zambia and Zimbabwe, with about two-thirds of the falls located in Zimbabwe and the remaining third in Zambia.

The falls are divided into five main sections by various islands and promontories: Devil’s Cataract, Main Falls, Rainbow Falls, Horseshoe Falls, and the Eastern Cataract. Each section offers unique perspectives and photo opportunities, with the Main Falls being the most dramatic due to its immense water volume.

Unique Experiences at The Victoria Falls

The Victoria Falls

Adventure Activities

The Victoria Falls is a haven for thrill-seekers and adventure enthusiasts. The surrounding area offers a plethora of activities that cater to all levels of adventure.

  1. White-water Rafting: The Zambezi River below the falls is famous for its challenging rapids, making it one of the best white-water rafting destinations in the world. The experience ranges from moderate to extreme, offering something for both novices and seasoned rafters.
  2. Bungee Jumping: For the ultimate adrenaline rush, the Victoria Falls Bridge offers a 111-meter (364 feet) bungee jump over the Zambezi River. The exhilarating free fall, with the thunderous roar of the falls in the background, is an unforgettable experience.
  3. Helicopter Flights: Known as the “Flight of Angels,” a helicopter ride over Victoria Falls provides a bird’s-eye view of the majestic waterfall, the zigzagging gorges, and the lush surrounding landscape. This perspective truly highlights the scale and beauty of the falls.
  4. Devil’s Pool: During the dry season (September to December), the flow of the Zambezi River decreases, creating a natural infinity pool on the edge of the falls called Devil’s Pool. Guided tours allow visitors to swim in this pool and peer over the edge of the precipice, offering a heart-pounding experience with a spectacular view.

Nature and Wildlife

The Victoria Falls is not just about adrenaline-fueled adventures; it also offers serene and enriching experiences for nature lovers.

  1. Victoria Falls Rainforest: The constant spray from the falls creates a unique rainforest ecosystem, home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. Walking trails through the rainforest provide an opportunity to explore this lush environment and encounter various bird species, monkeys, and the occasional bushbuck.
  2. Zambezi River Cruises: Sunset cruises on the Zambezi River offer a relaxing way to experience the beauty of the region. These cruises provide stunning views of the falls and the surrounding wilderness, often accompanied by sightings of hippos, crocodiles, and elephants along the riverbanks.
  3. Game Drives and Safaris: The Victoria Falls area is rich in wildlife, with several national parks and game reserves nearby. Guided safaris offer the chance to see the Big Five (lion, leopard, elephant, buffalo, and rhinoceros) as well as other iconic African animals in their natural habitat.

Historical and Cultural Significance

The Victoria Falls holds immense historical and cultural significance. The falls were first introduced to the Western world by Scottish missionary and explorer David Livingstone in 1855. Livingstone named the falls after Queen Victoria, and his exploration of the area paved the way for subsequent European interest and colonization.

For the local Tonga people, the falls have always been a site of reverence and spiritual importance. The name “Mosi-oa-Tunya” reflects their awe and respect for the natural power and beauty of the falls. Today, the cultural heritage of the Tonga people is celebrated through various cultural tours and experiences, allowing visitors to learn about their traditions, folklore, and way of life.

Photography and Scenic Views

The Victoria Falls is a photographer’s paradise. The interplay of light and water creates stunning rainbows, especially during the high water season from February to May. The best viewpoints for capturing the falls include:

  1. Knife-Edge Bridge: Located in Zambia, this viewpoint offers close-up views of the Eastern Cataract and the main falls. The bridge often gets soaked by the spray, adding to the immersive experience.
  2. Devil’s Cataract: This viewpoint in Zimbabwe provides an excellent perspective of the falls’ western end and the deep chasm into which the water plunges.
  3. Livingstone Island: Accessible only during the dry season, this island on the edge of the falls offers unique views and the thrilling opportunity to visit Devil’s Pool.

Conservation and Sustainable Tourism

Efforts to preserve the natural beauty and ecological integrity of Victoria Falls are paramount. Both Zimbabwe and Zambia have implemented measures to ensure sustainable tourism practices. The Victoria Falls and Mosi-oa-Tunya National Parks are UNESCO World Heritage Sites, emphasizing their global significance and the need for conservation.

Tour operators like Nextgen Safaris are committed to promoting responsible tourism. This includes minimizing environmental impact, supporting local communities, and educating visitors about the importance of preserving this natural wonder for future generations.


The Victoria Falls is a destination that captivates the heart and soul of every traveler. Its unparalleled beauty, combined with the diverse range of activities and experiences, makes it a must-visit for anyone exploring Africa. Whether you are seeking adventure, tranquility, or cultural enrichment, Victoria Falls offers something for everyone.

At Nextgen Safaris, we pride ourselves on curating unforgettable African safari experiences. Our expert guides and personalized tours ensure that your visit to Victoria Falls is not only memorable but also deeply enriching. Join us on an adventure to one of the world’s most magnificent natural wonders, and let the smoke that thunders leave an indelible mark on your travel journey.



ENTRY REQUIREMENTS: All visitors to Zambia must have a valid passport with at least 4 consecutive blanks pages.  Any applicable visa and/or relevant documentation are the responsibility of the traveler.  For further information on Visa requirements visitors are advised to contact their nearest Zambia Embassy or Consulate.

Check here for Visa info



VOLTAGE: 220 Volts/AC50Hz. Sockets are UK style, 3 pin square plugs. Power is from the government in the city/major towns and generator with inverter back up in the Safari Lodges and Camps.

CURRENCY: Foreign currency must be changed at the Bank, Bureau de Change, and Hotel/Safari lodge/Camp/Resort.   Major Credit Cards, Master card, Visa, American Express, are usually accepted throughout the country.  Where credit cards are accepted, the payment will normally be recorded in US$ regardless of the card’s default currency.

CLOTHING: Dress is mainly informal and should be comfortable as well as practical. Something warm should be brought along for early morning and evenings. Safari clothes are available from hotels/lodges/camps.

BAGGAGE: Where possible, travel light. Baggage space on safari is limited to medium suitcase or soft bag per person plus reasonable amount of hand luggage. There is 15 Kilogram per person limit on all flights to the wildlife sanctuaries. Excess luggage must be stored in your arrival hotel.

WATER: You will find many different of opinion of what is safe and what is not. We recommend for peace of mind, to drink local Bottled Mineral water. It is important to drink plenty of water especially during the hotter months. We would recommend that guests drink at least 2 to 3 liters of water per day to limit the effects of dehydration.

HEALTH: Africa is a safe and secure destination; however, it is a good idea to take a few precautions.  Kindly consult your GP or local doctor at least 6 weeks before you travel, with regards: Malaria prophylactics. East Africa is a known malaria area and preventive measures are essential. You are advised to take one of the recommended anti-malarial drugs.  Be sure to wear long sleeved shorts and trousers after sunset and spray the exposed parts of your body with a mosquito repellent spray Remember to protect yourself from direct sun rays with sunscreen cream or safari hat.

DIETARY REQUIREMENTS: For those guests with specific dietary requirement, please ensure we are notified prior to travel

GRATUITIES: As a guideline and dependent on how happy you are, we would suggest the following: The General Hotel/Lodge/Camp Staff – Approximately U$ 10.00 per person per day Driver Guides – Approximately US$ 15.00 to US$ 20.00 per person per day.

PHOTOGRAPHY: Please be careful when photographing public buildings, airports, bridges, the national flag and people in uniform.  Ensure that you have sought permission before photographing local people and their villages.  If in doubt, please check with your guide.

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